Laryngitis in a child: treatment. Parent Guide
Laryngitis in a child requires compulsory treatment. This is not an ARVI, which passes by itself. Laryngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the larynx that usually occurs against the background of infectious diseases. If you do not treat laryngitis in a child, then this is fraught with complications and prolongs the period of concomitant illness. Also, there is another option for inflammation of the larynx that affects the trachea – laryngotracheitis. Their symptoms are the same, and both can develop into a chronic form. This is another reason to immediately begin treatment of laryngitis or laryngotracheitis in a child. The chronic form means that with any provoking factor, a person again experiences all the symptoms of the disease.
Do not forget that inflammatory diseases of the larynx have similar symptoms. Therefore, the baby needs to be shown to a specialist. He will be able to establish an accurate diagnosis, and prescribe a safe and effective treatment.
Causes of laryngitis in children
The immunity of children is still weak, and only gets acquainted with the environment. When a child becomes ill, it becomes even more susceptible to germs and infections. Therefore, against the background of other diseases, laryngitis may appear. Also, other factors can provoke laryngeal edema:
overheating or hypothermia,
breathing through the mouth (for example, with rhinitis),
polluted air in the room where the child spends a lot of time: dust, wool, pollen from plants.
overexertion of the larynx: the baby cried, singing, lively emotional conversation.
Symptoms of laryngotracheitis and laryngitis in a child
He begins to hoarse talk. The voice may even completely disappear.
There is a feeling of dryness in the throat, tickling.
The dry “barking” cough disturbs.
The child eats less or refuses to eat at all. It hurts him to swallow, including saliva.
An increase in temperature is usually caused not by laryngitis, but by an infectious disease.
In some cases, skin color may change. It acquires a bluish tint, while breathing becomes difficult. There is a possibility that this is a false croup in a child. It should take the patient to the street or balcony, and call an ambulance.
Treatment of laryngitis in children
The course of treatment for laryngitis in children depends on the cause that caused it. It is difficult for parents to install it on their own without a specialized education, is this laryngitis in a child? In addition, there are approximately 7 of its forms that differ from each other. You need to get an appointment with a pediatrician, and he can give a referral to the appropriate specialist. Drug treatment is selected based on age and the presence of contraindications.
First of all, a small patient needs to be silent. The vocal chords should rest, we will talk about this in more detail below.
Local effects on the focus of inflammation: inhalation, sprays, antiseptic lozenges, gargling.
Fatigue and sore throat can be alleviated with lozenges (from 12 years old) or lozenges (from 4 years old).
Change in diet. Exclude annoying, spicy and salty foods from the menu. It is important that it is not too hot or cold.
Taking antihistamines, in case of an allergic cause of laryngitis. Dosage and choice of funds depend on the age of the small patient.
The child should not breathe through the mouth, as is often the case with a cold. Antihistamines can fix the problem, and nasal lavage and nasal drops may also help. Keep in mind that vasoconstrictor nasal agents are not recommended for use in young children.
Is it worth it to go out with laryngitis? If he has no temperature, he feels normal, is not weakened, then walks are recommended.
“The game of silence”
A small patient should speak less until complete recovery. Of course, playing silence can quickly get bored, and the child goes into a whisper, and this is even more dangerous for the ligaments. Parents should explain that this is against the rules. Let the child try to show with gestures what he needs or write on paper. The fact is that with a whisper, the vocal cords are strained, even more than when talking in a simple voice. A desktop puzzle or a new book can captivate a fidget if he already knows how to read. Buy a new set of felt-tip pens and coloring to distract the younger baby. Even if you already have everything for drawing, it will be interesting for the crumb to create a picture with something new.