Vitamin deficiency in a child: causes, symptoms, treatment
Vitamin deficiency in each child can manifest itself in different ways: from dizziness to distracted attention. There may be headaches, nausea. The child begins to tire quickly. Dryness and irritation occur on the body. Only a doctor after examination and examination can find out what kind of vitamin a child is lacking. He can also prescribe vitamin complexes to improve his condition and give recommendations for adjusting nutrition.
The rate of vitamins per day is only a few grams. However, their lack of food can lead to hypovitaminosis (deficiency) or vitamin deficiency (lack) of vitamins in the body. In children, a lack of one or several vitamins at once leads to serious consequences. First of all, the immune system suffers, the child begins to get sick often. Slower growth and development, there is a decrease in mental abilities, diseases of any organs may occur.
Vitamin deficiency in a child: causes
Improper or unbalanced nutrition leads to a lack of vitamins;
Problems with the absorption of vitamins due to disruption of the digestive tract;
Taking certain medications (anti-vitamins) leads to insufficient absorption of vitamins;
Sometimes in children with a very good and fast metabolism, vitamins simply do not have time to assimilate into the blood.
To correct the phenomena of vitamin deficiency, it is necessary to increase their consumption, both in vitamin complexes, and balancing nutrition. Consider which vitamins are necessary for children’s health and what happens when they are deficient.
Important vitamins in our body
Vitamin A is fat-soluble, it is in two forms: retinol is the vitamin itself, and carotene is provitamin A. Vitamin normalizes metabolism, supports healthy skin and mucous membranes, improves eyesight. He is responsible for the immunity of the child. If it is enough, then children are much easier to tolerate childhood diseases such as chickenpox and measles. With a lack of vitamin A, the child often begins to get sick, becomes nervous, his vision deteriorates, especially at dusk. Vitamin deficiency on the skin is noticeable: dry eyes, cracks in the fingers, feet. Dry gray plaques appear on the abdomen, elbows, knees, buttocks. They itch. Hair begins to fall out intensively. Growth and development lag behind.
Vitamin A is found in animal foods (liver, butter, cream, eggs, fish oil) and vegetable (carrots, peas, spinach, pumpkin and peaches).
Vitamin E – tocopherol – helps the absorption of retinol and is useful for the circulatory system. With its lack, the nails become brittle, vision begins to deteriorate, and the skin becomes lethargic and dry. Muscle dystrophy may develop. Girls may suffer reproductive function.
Vitamin E is found in apples, cereals and legumes, rose hips and almonds, as well as in animal products – this is beef, milk, eggs.
Vitamin C – ascorbic acid. Water soluble vitamin. Antioxidant. It has anti-allergenic and anti-inflammatory effects, supports immunity, protecting against various infections. Helps to produce collagen and blood cells.
With a lack of vitamin C, scurvy can develop. Its symptoms are bleeding gums, brittle nails, hair loss, the skin becomes pale and dry. The patient feels weakness, joint pain.
Since vitamin C is destroyed when heated, you need to take products containing it in its raw form. These include dogrose, bell pepper, tomatoes, oats, peach, melon, mango, cabbage, gooseberries and parsley.
Vitamin D – fat-soluble, is synthesized in the skin under the influence of the sun (ultraviolet). Vitamin D takes part in the assimilation of phosphorus and calcium by the body, protects against colds, diabetes and eye and skin diseases. With its deficiency, a child may develop rickets. In this disease, the bones are weak, soft. The spine bends, this can lead to scoliosis. In an adult, problems with gums and teeth subsequently begin, fractures begin.
It contains vitamin C in mushrooms, parsley, caviar, fish, eggs, cheese and butter.
B vitamins are of great importance in ensuring the health of the child. Their deficiency can lead to various diseases, including skin. They are found in both plant and animal food.
When a child has vitamin deficiency, this becomes a serious problem that must be addressed in a complex. The doctor makes a diagnosis by excluding other diseases, for example, allergies and various dermatitis. Vitamin supplements are prescribed. The diet of the child is being revised. All this brings positive changes, but not immediately. For a long time, the skin of the child may remain dry, inflamed. The child is worried about itching, he does not tolerate it.