To drink or not to drink: how to take painkillers correctly
Anesthetics, which are completely safe at first glance and are necessary for discomfort, can cause serious harm to the body. Man, experiencing painful sensations, seeks to get rid of them. Meanwhile, not every pain can be suppressed by analgesics. In what cases and why you can not drink painkillers, and when is it necessary?
What types of pain are
Pain is a signal that indicates any malfunctions or disorders occurring in the body. It varies in intensity. May occur periodically or torment constantly.
Two forms of pain
Doctors classify pain into two categories:
Sharp. Such pain appears suddenly. She is sharp, pronounced. In most cases, a person can accurately name the reasons that provoked discomfort (fall, injury, bruise).
Chronic She can torment the patient for several days, weeks, months. Initially, minor pain occurs. Gradually, it is growing. Pain syndrome accompanies many different pathologies (rheumatism, arthrosis, oncology).
With chronic pain, pathology can develop
Classification of pain by localization
Depending on the area in which the discomfort occurs, doctors divide the pain into the following types:
1. Somatic. Unpleasant sensations occur in response to stimulation or damage to the skin or deep structures (muscles, bones, ligaments). Somatic pain syndrome is constant, pronounced. The patient can pinpoint the area of concern. Pain may be:
superficial (only skin is affected);
deep (damaged musculoskeletal system).
2. Visceral. This pain is caused by disorders in the internal organs. Inflammatory processes and chronic diseases can provoke it. Most often, discomfort is permanent. Sometimes it is difficult for the patient to accurately indicate the epicenter of discomfort. Pain can radiate to neighboring areas.
If the localization of pain does not coincide with the area of damage, then it is classified into:
1. Projected. By the unpleasant sensations and symptoms, you can determine the nature of the disorders in the body. For example, with damage to the intervertebral discs and squeezing of the roots, pain is felt in the innervated parts of the body (tingling, numbness of the arm, legs).
2. Reflected. Damage to internal organs causes pain in distant parts of the body.
Classification of pain strength
To determine the severity of pain, a special pain scale was developed. Assessment takes place on a 10-point system.
The intensity of sensations is determined by such a system:
0 – pain is completely absent;
1 – slight, slight discomfort;
2 – irritating sensations, but weakly expressed;
3 – noticeable pain, which periodically distracts from business, but you can get used to such discomfort;
4 – moderate discomfort, they can be ignored, but the pain often resembles itself;
5 – moderately strong discomfort, which can be ignored for a short time and only with some effort;
6 – severe pain, it interferes with any activities and does not allow you to focus on any tasks;
7 – severe discomfort, fully concentrating on oneself, limits the ability to communicate and work;
8 – intense, severe pain, it does not allow you to perform normal activities and restricts communication with others;
9 – painful discomfort, in which the patient breaks out moans and screams;
10 – unbearable, pronounced pain, in which loss of consciousness, delusional state is possible.
Pain: endure or not endure
There is an opinion among the people: you can tolerate a little, and the pain will pass. Doctors say this decision is wrong. Sometimes it can lead to grave consequences.
If you endure pain, then it can develop into a chronic stage
A strong “exposure” is fraught with such complications:
Chronization of the process. Pain that does not stop can become permanent.
Destruction of nerve structures. Prolonged discomfort leads to damage to nerve endings.
Deterioration of the psychoemotional state. Against the background of chronic pain, the patient develops irritability, there is a feeling of anxiety. A person is faced with constant mood swings.
The development of pathologies. Pain triggers complex processes in the body that lead to increased discomfort and can cause vascular disease, heart disease.
Ways to deal with pain
So what kind of pain cannot be tolerated? Doctors believe that any discomfort should be stopped. Sometimes painkillers help get rid of discomfort. But in some cases they are ineffective.
In normal practice, doctors recommend stopping painkillers:
headaches – eliminate unpleasant sensations can be non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs);
minor injuries (sprains, bruises) – NSAIDs of medium strength;
kidney pain (except colic) – combined analgesics, antispasmodics;
moderate injuries (wounds, burns, fractures) – NSAIDs, opioid analgesics;
mild pain in the back, limbs – NSAIDs