Unsafe procedure: side effects of laser hair removal
Women have long been fond of laser hair removal. After all, a laser can quickly and painlessly remove unwanted hair from any part of the body. Many are sure that this procedure is also completely safe. Is it so?
In fact, laser hair removal has its contraindications and side effects, and complications can occur after laser exposure.
Side effects of laser hair removal
As a rule, these unpleasant consequences of laser action pass by themselves, without causing much harm.
Pain during the procedure
This is one of the side effects of laser hair removal. Of course, compared to waxing or electrolysis, laser procedures are much easier to carry. Nevertheless, pain can be felt. Sometimes the pain lasts for several days.
Especially painful effects in the armpits and bikinis.
What else determines the pain of the procedure?
1. The threshold of sensitivity. It is known that each person experiences pain in different ways. And for a woman with a low pain threshold, the procedure can turn into almost torture.
2. Laser cooling system. The procedure simultaneously cools the treated area. The more perfect the cooling system of the laser used, the less painful the impact.
3. The choice of radiation parameters. The correct choice of flux density and duration of exposure significantly reduces pain.
Local painkillers sprays and creams will help reduce pain.
This consequence of laser hair removal is most common. Immediately after the procedure, the skin around the treated area turns red. Usually redness lasts for several hours and goes away by itself.
Use moisturizers after the procedure.
Redness of the skin affects people with sensitive skin, as well as owners of thick and dark hair. The fact is that such hair heats more than thin.
Swelling and blisters
People with dark and thick hair are also affected. If the swelling is strong, you can use creams with glucocorticoids. For minor irritations, conventional sedatives after tanning are suitable.
The blisters are more dangerous, since through the bursting blister an infection can enter the body.
Burns as a side effect of laser hair removal most often occur in the bikini and armpit area, as in exposure significantly the skin is especially sensitive. As a rule, these are small burns of I degree. They pass within 10-14 days without consequences.
People with dark or tanned skin are more prone to burns. Inadequate cooling, improper hair removal technique may also be causes.
Complications of Laser Hair Removal
This is a more serious danger of laser hair removal, as the complications themselves will not go away and treatment will be needed. In some cases, complications can remain for a long time, or even forever, for example scars.
If the radiation parameters are chosen incorrectly, then a serious burn is possible, affecting not only the skin, but also the subcutaneous tissues, and then a long treatment will be required. If an infection gets into the wound, then an ugly scar will remain at the burn site.
If a burn occurs after laser surgery, consult a doctor
The result of a burn can be hypopigmentation – discoloration of the skin. After the crust leaves the burnt area, this area turns out to be white. Skin color is restored after a few months, but can remain for life.
Another complication of a laser burn is dark pigmentation. This can happen if after the procedure the skin is exposed to sunlight. In most cases, spots disappear within 3-6 months.
If excess hair is removed in the eyebrow area without the use of special safety glasses, laser exposure to the eyeball is possible. This is manifested by the development of inflammatory processes – conjunctivitis, uveitis, and a decrease in visual acuity.
In patients with increased sweating after laser hair removal, an inflammatory process in the hair follicle may begin – folliculitis. The risk of this complication also arises when in the first days after the procedure the patient goes to the pool.
Hair growth enhancement
As a rule, after laser hair removal, new hair growth slows down. But sometimes a paradoxical situation arises – the hair begins to grow more intensively. This phenomenon can be observed at the junction of the treated and untreated areas, especially in the neck and face. This is due to the fact that heat stimulates inactive hair follicles and they “wake up”.
After laser hair removal, hair can grow twice as fast and more.
Growth and rebirth of moles
If a mole (or nevus) is repeatedly exposed to laser radiation, this can provoke the growth of its cells, the appearance of so-called atypical cells. All this can result in malignancy of the mole and the development of melanoma. Therefore, you cannot process the area with a large number of nevi. And if a mole enters the laser treatment area, it must be closed.