List of the most common diseases in Russia in infants
Recall that the indicators relate to Russia. The list was published on the official portal of the Federal State Statistics Service.
The most common problem was respiratory diseases. Over the year, more than 2 057 312 cases were diagnosed among infants.
The second place was taken by cases that appear in the perinatal period. This includes congenital malformations and injuries sustained during childbirth. The frequency is 411 thousand cases.
Cases of disorders of the nervous system are slightly inferior in number – 398,390 infants.
Fourth place – diseases of the digestive system – 236 598 cases detected.
In fifth place were diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. In 2018, they were diagnosed in 219,668 infants.
Diseases of the eye and adnexa were detected in 179,311 children under one year old.
Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and individual disorders involving the immune mechanism – almost 137 thousand cases.
97,278 infants were diagnosed with certain infectious and parasitic diseases.
Diseases of the genitourinary system – almost 88 thousand cases recorded.
Less common diseases, but they are still on the list, are diseases of the ear and mastoid process, diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue, neoplasms, trauma and poisoning, as well as other negative phenomena caused by external causes. The lowest rate for 2018 is mental or behavioral disorders – 18 cases.
To prevent complications, it is important to identify the disease as early as possible. Therefore, mothers and fathers should not neglect planned visits to the pediatrician. The sooner it is possible to identify a particular ailment, the faster it can be cured, or prevent progression. Also do not forget about preventive measures and strengthening the immunity of the child. Breast milk is able to strengthen the protective functions of the body, thanks to the antibodies that the mother gives.