Allergic conjunctivitis in a child: symptoms and treatment
Greetings to readers of Imom.me. I am Olesya Ivanova, candidate of medical sciences, allergist-immunologist. In this article I want to talk about a common problem not only in the spring. We will talk about allergic conjunctivitis in a child. This knowledge is useful not only for children, but also for adults. Noticed eye problems in the baby, and are lost in conjecture, what could it be? Now, mom will know not only the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis in the child, but also the treatment methods.
I jokingly compare allergies to a caring grandmother. She is afraid that the child will get sick and begins to “wrap” him in 100 clothes. But what it leads to is not hard to guess. She wants the best, but in the end, the child has diaper rash and he overheats. Similarly occurs with the body with allergies. When the immune system detects an irritant and considers it dangerous, it “turns on” the protective reaction. But this reaction is inflammatory. If the immune system suffers from hyperprotection, just like a grandmother, then the protective functions are activated even when meeting with pollen. Of course, the body does this well-intentioned, but this is not easier.
Conjunctivitis in children: symptoms
Most often, allergies affect the eyes, and in 95% of cases, the nose also suffers. As a rule, the symptoms of conjunctivitis in children include rhinitis. This is due to the connection of the lacrimal ducts. The main signs by which the condition can be diagnosed are clearly visible to parents.
Symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis in children:
redness of the eyes and / or nose;
swelling around the eyes and / or nose;
profuse tear and runny nose.
If the reaction in the child was caused by shampoo, bath foam or shower gel, then everything is much simpler. It is enough to exclude the subject of hygiene, and undergo a course of treatment. Things are more complicated when the cause is pollen or dust.
Types of Allergic Conjunctivitis
You must understand that not all allergies are the same. The causes of acute and pollinous conjunctivitis are clear – intolerance to pollen. But there are allergies with non-obvious root causes. The three species described below suggest long-term treatment and the likelihood of corneal complications. You need to act immediately, because there is a risk of visual impairment. This will further affect the quality of life of the child.
Spring keratoconjunctivitis. In my opinion, this name does not reflect the cause of the problem. Spring Qatar (another name), not caused by flowering. This condition occurs at other times of the year. It is usually associated with eczema, atopy, or asthma.
Atopic keratoconjunctivitis. This species may accompany the course of atopic dermatitis. As a rule, he declares himself in a child in early childhood. Most often observed in babies with a hereditary predisposition. Increased reactivity of the immune system is due to the genetic level.
Large-papillary conjunctivitis (CPC). It is provoked by an immune reaction to a foreign body. It is observed with prolonged contact with a foreign object, such as a lens or suture, after a surgical operation.
Allergic conjunctivitis in a child: treatment
If an allergic conjunctivitis in a child is accompanied by rhinitis, then the treatment includes nasal preparations. But only therapy is not limited to them. There are preventative measures that can help alleviate the condition. This is washing, washing the nasal passages and following a diet. In addition, doctors prescribe medication for allergic conjunctivitis in children. These include:
Local antihistamines reduce the severity of painful symptoms. Mast cell stabilizers may be prescribed, but their effect is not instantaneous. It is recommended to apply them in advance.
If the symptoms are pronounced, then antihistamines for oral administration help. The most effective means of 2 generations.
Eye drops, which contain hormones. But you need to be especially careful with them. Use them after approval by an ophthalmologist. He prescribes the dosage and duration of use. If used for a long time, this can lead to glaucoma or cataracts.
ASIT (allergen-specific immunotherapy). Both injectable and sublingual ones show good results in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis.