Heat stroke in a child: symptoms and first aid
Heat stroke is a dangerous condition for both a child and an adult. As many as three different diseases can develop from overheating of the body. In addition to heat stroke, conditions such as heat exhaustion and cramps can occur. Each of the three diseases has its own symptoms and slightly different models of first aid. In this article we will talk about how to help a child with heat stroke.
Heat stroke: symptoms
Heat stroke is the most formidable condition for the body. Because of it, the child may die or receive serious damage to vital organs. Most affected are children under 4 years old, as well as older people aged 65 years and older. The main symptoms of heat stroke include:
Temperature 39, 5 degrees and above;
Redness of the skin;
Rapid breathing and pulse;
Confused consciousness or lack thereof;
With thermal shock, you can notice that the child’s skin has become hot to the touch, and it has also turned red. Therefore, it does not make sense to measure the temperature in the classical way by the “armpit”. In this case, it is measured rectally, “inside” the body through the rectum, as the skin temperature can be much higher.
First aid for heat stroke
First of all, it is necessary for the victim to call an ambulance. While the doctors are on the move, move him to a cool place.
Remove clothing from the baby and wipe it with cool water.
Put ice in a towel on areas of the body where large vessels (armpits, neck, inguinal folds) are close.
If possible, pour a cool shower or place in a bath of cool water.
Heat exhaustion: symptoms
Heat exhaustion is the result of exposure to heat for several hours. It manifests itself with symptoms such as:
Cold, pale and clammy skin;
Rapid heart rate (may be weak);
Nausea or vomiting;
The head is spinning, it hurts;
Loss of consciousness;
First aid for heat exhaustion
To begin providing first aid to a child with heat exhaustion, it is necessary to lower the body temperature. To do this, move the victim to a cooler place and wipe with cool water.
Water in small portions.
If the condition of the child does not get better within an hour, or if he has severe vomiting, consult a doctor.
Heat cramp: symptoms
Most often, a thermal cramp occurs against the background of active physical exertion in the heat. It manifests itself with the following symptoms:
Cramps in the abdomen and limbs;
First aid for heat cramp
The first aid for a person with a thermal spasm is the cessation of any physical activity.
Move the victim to a cool place.
Drink water or sports drinks.
Seek medical help if cramps last more than an hour, if there is a cardiovascular disease or if the victim is on a salt-free diet.
What increases the risks of overheating?
Due to some factors, a person may be more susceptible to heat. These risks include:
Taking certain medications (antihistamines, beta-blockers, diuretics, tranquilizers, antipsychotics);
Heart and lung diseases;
It’s important to know!
Antipyretic drugs are ineffective in heat stroke. Please do not use them in such a situation! This may increase the risk of damage to the liver, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract.
How to protect yourself from heat?
It is important for parents to remember a few rules that will help protect the child from the negative effects of heat in the summer.
Never leave children in the car, even when the windows are open!
Clothing should be light, loose and light.
Give a sufficient amount of fluid to the child, suggest drinking more often. “Flavored” water (with the addition of berries / fruits) can help with this. Children will drink it more willingly.
Try to spend most of your time in air-conditioned rooms.
If the house does not have air conditioning and you are very hot, go to the shopping center / cafe, where the air is cooled. Even a couple of hours in a cool room will reduce the risk of overheating when returning to the heat.
Do not rely on fans! At temperatures above 32 degrees, they do not help to avoid overheating. Better to take a cool shower or bath.
Try to use less stove and oven.
Plan out on a cool day.
Limit physical activity during the heat.
Do not forget about protecting the skin from exposure to the sun.
Limit hot and heavy foods.
Drink more fluids without waiting for thirst. Try to drink less sweet.
Do not drink too cold drinks. They can cause abdominal pain.
Recover salt loss: then we lose more than just fluid. Drink mineral water or drinks for sports nutrition.